The concept of periods is very simple:

"Uterus wants baby

Person doesn’t have baby

Uterus wants revenge"

Menstruation is the periodic discharge of blood and Mucosal tissue from  the uterus through the vagina, occurring at intervals of approximately one lunar month from puberty to menopause, except during pregnancy. This cycle is hormone driven where estrogen plays the major role followed by FSH and LH hormones along with some other teeny tiny hormones.  

Some interesting facts about our menstruation:

Menarche is the first occurrence of bleeding. The mean average age of Menarche is 12.7 years.

Menopause is the cessation of menstruation. The mean average age of menopause in the west is 51.4 years and in India it is 46.2 years.

Mean duration of a cycle is 28 days but can vary from 21 to 35 days.

Normal estimated blood loss is 30 - 40 ml/ cycle. Heavy bleeding is 60ml and above.

Break down of a 28 day cycle:

Every month hormones, the chemical agents light the torch for a swift period cycle. It creates an interaction between hypothalamus, pituitary and the female reproductive organs. The female hormone estrogen is the captain of this sail.

The menstrual phase is normally the first 5 days of your bleeding which may last up to 7 days for some. The first day of the bleeding is considered as the first day of the cycle.

Clothes, sanitary napkins, tampons, menstrual cup etc are used to absorb the menstrual fluid. If you have to change the napkin or tampons frequently due to saturation of fluids or if you find grape size clots, it is considered as  heavy bleeding and is always good to have a medical check up. Likewise scanty bleeding should also be checked.

The Follicular phase starts from the first day of bleeding itself and ends by the ovulation i.e it stays around 1 to 13 days in a normal cycle. In this cycle the FSH hormone released by pituitary, stimulates one of the ovaries to produce 5 to 20 follicles of which one follicle will continue to develop and become a mature egg. Same time the uterus begin to prepare for the pregnancy by developing the inner lining. During this phase a gradual rise of estrogen is seen.

Ovulation , the release of matured egg to the Fallopian Tube, normally occurs during the mid cycle, that is around the 14th day.  This is due to the surge of LH hormone.

In Luteal phase, i.e the days after ovulation, the follicles becomes corpus Luteum which starts releasing the hormone progesterone along with small amounts of estrogen. This helps in maintaining the thickened lining of the uterus, waiting for the implantation of the fertilized egg. If pregnancy does not occur the progesterone dips and causes the lining of the uterus to fall. Thus the cycle is again repeated.

According to Ayurveda,  the bleeding phase is of Vata prominent, the Follicular phase is Kapha predominant and finally after ovulation it is the Pitta Dosha that governs the cycle.


The menstrual cycle has a periodic pattern due to the involvement of hormones. If the individual could take care of her food and activities accordingly the menstrual cycle will be very much friendly and would also help her to stay healthy. Dysmenorrhea,  PMS, mood swings, cramps, bloating, constipation etc could be kept under check through a healthy lifestyle.

Towards the bleeding phase Vata pacifying food will be excellent.

Also include iron, calcium, omega fatty acids, zinc and magnesium rich food. Good to follow gentle exercises. Better to avoid all the inverse poses. 1- 2 days due to estrogen dip you fatigued and hydration is the best option. Avoid carbonated, syrupy drinks and cut down on the caffeine.

The Kapha phase is a good time to do all the fad diets in general. Mostly cravings are less during this phase. Intense activities, aerobics, strengthening and stretches are very good. If you are intending to get pregnant healthy eating is important.

During the pitta phase, avoid junks, preserved foods, carbonated drinks instead go for rich nutrient food. Necessary supplements are helpful. Towards the end of this phase cravings and mood swings along with physical issues will be on the up. Learn to handle it with ease through yoga. Conquer the PMS with right way of eating and good exercise.

Hydration is always important. That alone will helps to ward off some uneasiness caused by the hormones.

Some common menstrual problems:

Premenstrual syndrome ( PMS): normally appears during the last few days of the Luteal cycle and ends once the bleeding starts. Common symptoms are mood swings, body ache, irritability, water retention, appetite changes, constipation/diarrhea, lack of concentration, weight gain etc.

Dysmenorrhea is the painful periods.

Some other common ailments during the reproductive phase are PCOS, endometriosis, adenomyosis, fibroids etc.

Good lifestyle is important for healthy and happy bleeding. Ayurveda medications helps you to stay away from most of the reproductive system related disorders, during the reproductive as well as menopause stages of life, without any side effects. Home remedies are not treatments. Approach a learned Ayurveda practitioner for good health.

Vanitha clinic @ ayu:manthra is always there to help the women for a healthy and fit life.

Contact (+91)-94954-57918 for personal consultations as well as group awareness programs.

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